For the duration of the pandemic, disinformation has caused both domestic and foreign relations trouble. Much of the content circulates on websites that cite and publish each other in return, creating a self-reinforcing network, sometimes called an echo chamber, that can warp our impression of reality.
That so many have this impression may relate to the relentless vaccine disinformation that circulates through networks of websites rated low to very low quality on the iffy index of unreliable sources, like Children’s Health Defense, DC Dirty Laundry, and Zero Hedge, a pro-Kremlin outlet that boosts disinformation.
Below, Hoaxlines has included examples of narratives that have been heavily sown on the edges of right-leaning and conspiracy-minded media.
Note: Views expressed by Novel Science and the project Hoaxlines do not reflect associated institutions or employers of authors or researchers.