The EU Covid Surveillance Report on risk groups shows that nearly 22% of fatal cases had no pre-existing condition. A greater proportion of people without pre-existing conditions have a mild illness, so it shouldn’t be taken as 22% of people with no pre-existing conditions died. That would be incorrect.
From people with no pre-existing conditions, 1.43% died. To be clear, that is a high death rate for a pandemic illness. Generally, high death rate diseases do not become pandemic because the severity of illness helps us contain it, though it’s not quite that simple.
About 10% of people with no conditions were hospitalized and 87% had a mild illness. When we look solely at the people who died of Covid, the graph below is the breakdown.
In many cases illnesses like cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease minus high blood pressure, the proportion of fatal cases is actually higher than severe cases. That supports the idea that people with pre-existing conditions who have a serious illness are more likely to die. In the No-pre-existing-conditions group, the percentage of severe cases was 1.32% similar to the 1.43% for fatal cases.
Graphic included to help clarify the risk groups and outcomes.